A VLAN is a switched network that is logically segmented by function, project team, or application, without regard to the physical locations of the users. VLANs have the same attributes as physical LANs, but you can group end stations even if they are not physically located on the same LAN segment. Any switch module port can belong to a VLAN, and unicast, broadcast, and multicast packets are forwarded and flooded only to end stations in the VLAN.
Each VLAN is considered a logical network, and packets destined for stations that do not belong to the VLAN must be forwarded through a router. Because a VLAN is considered a separate logical network, it contains its own bridge MIB information and can support its own implementation of spanning tree.
This chapter describes how to configure normal-range VLANs (VLAN IDs 1 to 1005) and extended-range VLANs (VLAN IDs 1006 to 4094) on the CGR 2010 ESM. It includes information about VLAN membership modes, VLAN configuration modes, VLAN trunks, and dynamic VLAN assignment from a VLAN Membership Policy Server (VMPS).
The CGR 2010 ESM is the boundary between customer networks and the service-provider network, with user network interfaces (UNIs) and enhanced interface interfaces (ENIs) connected to the customer side of the network. When customer traffic enters or leaves the service-provider network, the customer VLAN ID must be isolated from other customers’ VLAN IDs. You can achieve this isolation by several methods, including using private VLANs. On the switch module, this isolation occurs by default by using UNI-ENI VLANs.
There are two types of UNI-ENI VLANs:
- UNI-ENI isolated VLAN—This is the default VLAN state for all VLANs created on the switch module. Local switching does not occur among UNIs or ENIs on the switch module that belong to the same UNI-ENI isolated VLAN. This configuration is designed for cases when different customers are connected to UNIs or ENIs on the same switch module. However, switching is allowed among UNIs or ENIs on different switches even though they belong to the same UNI-ENI isolated VLAN.
- UNI-ENI community VLAN—Local switching is allowed among UNIs and ENIs on the switch module that belong to the same community VLAN. If UNIs or ENIs belong to the same customer, and you want to switch module packets between the ports, you can configure the common VLAN as a UNI-ENI community VLAN. There is no local switching between the ports in a UNI-ENI community VLAN and ports outside of the VLAN. The switch module supports a combination of only eight UNIs and ENIs in a UNI-ENI community VLAN.
This example shows how to create Ethernet VLAN 20, name it test20, and add it to the VLAN database:
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)# vlan 20
Switch(config-vlan)# name test20
This example shows how to create a new extended-range VLAN with all default characteristics, enter config-vlan mode, and save the new VLAN in the switch module startup configuration file:
Switch(config)# vlan 2000Switch(config-vlan)# end
Switch# copy running-config startup config
How to check vlan crate or not ?
How to configure Trunk port ?
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